Bob Miller for The Wall Street Journal Hair stylist Ernest Maiden doesn’t make enough money to qualify for federal subsidies to buy health insurance but also is ineligible for Medicaid.
The 2010 health law was meant to cover people in Mr. Maiden’s income bracket by expanding Medicaid to workers earning up to the federal poverty line—about $11,670 for a single person; more for families. People earning as much as four times the poverty line—$46,680 for a single person—can receive federal subsidies.
But the Supreme Court in 2012 struck down the law’s requirement that states expand their Medicaid coverage. Republican elected officials in 24 states, including Alabama, declined the expansion, triggering a coverage gap. Officials said an expansion would add burdensome costs and, in some cases, leave more people dependent on government.
The decision created a gap for Mr. Maiden and others at the lowest income levels who don’t qualify for Medicaid coverage under varying state rules. The upshot is that lower-income people in half the states get no help, while better-off workers elsewhere can buy insurance with taxpayer-funded subsidies.
This is not an issue with states that expanded Medicaid, of which Colorado is one.